The importance of sound health cannot be overstated as it is crucial for human happiness and well-being. Beyond personal benefits, good health also contributes to economic growth, as healthy individuals tend to live longer, exhibit greater creativity, and save more for the prosperity of their nation. In the context of Pakistan, a country facing severe poverty and struggling healthcare systems, there is a significant burden of kidney and liver ailments.
This burden encompasses diseases that lead to both acute and chronic kidney and liver conditions. Contributing factors include Hepatitis, nephrotoxic and hepatotoxic drugs, and the development of kidney diseases in the presence of pre-existing liver conditions. In Pakistan, the prevalence of Hepatitis C is around 10 million patients, and Hepatitis B affects more than 5 million individuals, with a majority concentrated in the province of Punjab.
A 2017 survey conducted in Punjab, in collaboration with the Bureau of Statistics Punjab and the Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute and Research Center (PKLI&RC), found that the prevalence of Hepatitis in Punjab is estimated to be 8.9% of the total population, with a higher rural prevalence at 9.3%. The threat of Hepatitis B and C has escalated to an epidemic in the country. About 40% of the diseases in Pakistan are related to kidney, liver, and bladder issues, and only a few specialized hospitals are equipped to effectively address this significant health challenge.